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Retrieval-time properties of the Little-Hopfield model and their physiological relevance

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Retrieval-time properties of the Little-Hopfield model and their physiological relevance

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Título Retrieval-time properties of the Little-Hopfield model and their physiological relevance
Autor Risau Gusman, Sebastian Luis
Idiart, Marco Aurelio Pires
Abstract We perform an extensive numerical investigation on the retrieval dynamics of the synchronous Hopfield model, also known as Little-Hopfield model, up to sizes of 218 neurons. Our results correct and extend much of the early simulations on the model. We find that the average convergence time has a power law behavior for a wide range of system sizes, whose exponent depends both on the network loading and the initial overlap with the memory to be retrieved. Surprisingly, we also find that the variance of the convergence time grows as fast as its average, making it a non-self-averaging quantity. Based on the simulation data we differentiate between two definitions for memory retrieval time, one that is mathematically strict tc, the number of updates needed to reach the attractor whose properties we just described, and a second definition correspondent to the time tn when the network stabilizes within a tolerance threshold n such that the difference of two consecutive overlaps with a stored memory is smaller that n. We show that the scaling relationships between tc and tn the typical network parameters as the memory load α or the size of the network N vary greatly, being tn relatively insensitive to system sizes and loading. We propose tn as the physiological realistic measure for the typical attractor network response.
Contido em Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics. Vol. 72, no. 4 (Oct. 2005), 041913 7p.
Assunto Memória
Modelos matemáticos
Neurofisiologia
Psicologia
Redes neurais
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/101612
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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