|Título||Interplay between coarsening and nucleation in an Ising model with dipolar interactions
Cannas, Sergio A.
Michelon, Mateus Fontana
Stariolo, Daniel Adrian
Tamarit, Francisco A.
|Abstract||We study the dynamical behavior of a square lattice Ising model with exchange and dipolar interactions by means of Monte Carlo simulations. After a sudden quench to low temperatures, we find that the system may undergo a coarsening process where stripe phases with different orientations compete, or alternatively it can relax initially to a metastable nematic phase and then decay to the equilibrium stripe phase through nucleation. We measure the distribution of equilibration times for both processes and compute their relative probability of occurrence as a function of temperature and system size. This peculiar relaxation mechanism is due to the strong metastability of the nematic phase, which goes deep into the low-temperature stripe phase. We also measure quasiequilibrium autocorrelations in a wide range of temperatures. They show a distinct decay to a plateau that we identify as due to a finite fraction of frozen spins in the nematic phase. We find indications that the plateau is a finite-size effect. Relaxation times as a function of temperature in the metastable region show super-Arrhenius behavior, suggesting a possible glassy behavior of the system at low temperatures.
|Contido em||Physical review. E, Statiscal, nonlinear, and soft matter physics. Vol. 78, no. 5 (Nov. 2008), 051602, 11 p.
Anisotropia magnética perpendicular
Modelo de ising
Simulação de Monte Carlo
|Tipo||Artigo de periódico
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