|Título||Nematic phase in two-dimensional frustrated systems with power-law decaying interactions
Barci, Daniel G.
Ribeiro, Leonardo Rodrigues
Stariolo, Daniel Adrian
|Abstract||We address the problem of orientational order in frustrated interaction systems as a function of the relative range of the competing interactions. We study a spin model Hamiltonian with short-range ferromagnetic interaction competing with an antiferromagnetic component that decays as a power law of the distance between spins, 1/rα. These systems may develop a nematic phase between the isotropic disordered and stripe phases.We evaluate the nematic order parameter using a self-consistent mean-field calculation. Our main result indicates that the nematic phase exists, at mean-field level, provided 0 < α < 4. We analytically compute the nematic critical temperature and show that it increases with the range of the interaction, reaching its maximum near α ∼ 0.5.We also compute a coarse-grained effective Hamiltonian for long wavelength fluctuations. For 0 < α < 4 the inverse susceptibility develops a set of continuous minima at wave vectors | k| = k0(α) which dictate the long-distance physics of the system. For α → 4, k0 → 0, making the competition between interactions ineffective for greater values of α.
|Contido em||Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics. Vol. 87, no. 6 (June 2013), 062119, 7 p.
Hamiltonianos de spin
Modelo de ising
|Tipo||Artigo de periódico
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