|Título||Statistical multifragmentation model with Skyrme effective interactions
Souza, Sergio Ricardo de Azevedo
Carlson, Brett Vern
Donangelo, Raul José
Lynch, William G.
Steiner, Andrew W.
Tsang, M. B.
|Abstract||The statistical multifragmentation model is modified to incorporate the Helmholtz free energies calculated in the finite temperature Thomas-Fermi approximation using Skyrme effective interactions. In this formulation, the density of the fragments at the freeze-out configuration corresponds to the equilibrium value obtained in the Thomas-Fermi approximation at the given temperature. The behavior of the nuclear caloric curve at constant volume is investigated in the micro-canonical ensemble, and a plateau is observed for excitation energies between 8 and 10 MeV per nucleon. A kink in the caloric curve is found at the onset of this gas transition, indicating the existence of a small excitation energy region with negative heat capacity. In contrast to previous statistical calculations, this phase transition takes place even when the system is constrained to fixed volume. The observed phase transition takes place at approximately constant entropy. The charge distribution and other observables also turn out to be sensitive to the treatment employed in the calculation of the free energies and the fragment volumes at finite temperature, specially at high excitation energies. The isotopic distribution is also affected by this treatment, which suggests that this prescription may help obtain information on the nuclear equation of state.
|Contido em||Physical review. C, Nuclear physics. Melville. Vol. 79, no. 5 (May 2009), 054602, 10 p.
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|Tipo||Artigo de periódico
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