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Sensitivity and specificity of portable hearing screening in middle-aged and older adults

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Sensitivity and specificity of portable hearing screening in middle-aged and older adults

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Título Sensitivity and specificity of portable hearing screening in middle-aged and older adults
Autor Cardoso, Carolina Louise
Bós, Ângelo José Gonçalves
Gonçalves, Andréa Krüger
Olchik, Maira Rozenfeld
Flores, Letícia Sousa
Seimetz, Bruna Macangnin
Bauer, Magda Aline
Coradini, Patrícia Pérez
Teixeira, Adriane Ribeiro
Abstract Introduction Hearing screening allows the identification of individuals with hearing loss. Aim To determine the sensitivity and specificity of a portable hearing screening device in middle-aged and older adults using the manufacturer scoring and a scoring system proposed by the researchers. Methods In this transversal study, participants underwent anamnesis, otoscopy, and hearing screening using portable equipment. After this, a pure tone audiometry was performed, with participants classified into two groups: with and without hearing loss. The sensitivity and specificity of the hearing screening were calculated for the right and left ears using two methods of interpretation: the originalmethod recommended by the manufacturer (criteria 1) and the method proposed by researchers (criteria 2). Results The sample consisted of 55 individuals, 83.6% (n ¼ 46) of whomwere women. Per criteria 1, the sensitivities were 26.3 (right ear) and 21.4% (left ear). The specificity was 100% for both ears. Using criteria 2, the sensitivity was 94.7 (right ear) and 100% (left ear). The specificity was 74.3 (right ear) and 65.9% (left ear). Conclusion This study showed that the criteria proposed by the manufacturer presented low sensitivity in the hearing screening. The criteria proposed by the researchers to achieve a more efficient performance reached high and balanced values for sensitivity and specificity.
Contido em Arquivos internacionais de otorrinolaringologia. São Paulo. Vol. 18 (2014), p. 21-26.
Assunto Audição
Envelhecimento
Idoso
Perda auditiva
[en] Audiology
[en] Gerontology
[en] Hearing
[en] Mass screening
[en] Older adult
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/106473
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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