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Comparison of statistical treatments for the equation of state for core-collapse supernovae

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Comparison of statistical treatments for the equation of state for core-collapse supernovae

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Título Comparison of statistical treatments for the equation of state for core-collapse supernovae
Autor Souza, Sergio Ricardo de Azevedo
Steiner, Andrew W.
Lynch, William G.
Donangelo, Raul José
Famiano, Michael A.
Abstract Neutrinos emitted during the collapse, bounce, and subsequent explosion provide information about supernova dynamics. The neutrino spectra are determined by weak interactions with nuclei and nucleons in the inner regions of the star, and thus the neutrino spectra are determined by the composition of matter. The composition of stellar matter at temperature ranging from T = 1–3 MeV and densities ranging from 10−5 to 0.1 times the saturation density is explored. We examine the single-nucleus approximation commonly used in describing dense matter in supernova simulations and show that while the approximation is accurate for predicting the energy and pressure at most densities, the predicted compositions are less accurate, varying by 50% or more at the largest densities. We find that as the temperature and density increase, the single nucleus approximation systematically overpredicts the mass number of nuclei that are actually present and underestimates the contribution from lighter nuclei which are present in significant amounts.
Contido em The astrophysical journal. Bristol. Vol. 707, no. 2 (Dec. 2009), p. 1495-1505
Assunto Análise estatística
Composicao estelar
Neutrinos
Supernovae
[en] Dense matter
[en] Equation of state
[en] Supernovae: general
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/108969
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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