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Topological hypothesis on phase transitions : the simplest case

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Topological hypothesis on phase transitions : the simplest case

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Título Topological hypothesis on phase transitions : the simplest case
Autor Teixeira, Ana Carolina Ribeiro
Stariolo, Daniel Adrian
Abstract We critically analyze the possibility of finding signatures of a phase transition by looking exclusively at static quantities of statistical systems, like, e.g., the topology of potential energy submanifolds (PES’s). This topological hypothesis has been successfully tested in a few statistical models but up to now there has been no rigorous proof of its general validity. We make a new test of it analyzing the, probably, simplest example of a nontrivial system undergoing a continuous phase transition: the completely connected version of the spherical model. Going through the topological properties of its PES it is shown that, as expected, the phase transition is correlated with a change in their topology. Nevertheless, this change, as reflected in the behavior of a particular topological invariant, the Euler characteristic, is small, at variance with the strong singularity observed in other systems. Furthermore, it is shown that in the presence of an external field, when the phase transition is destroyed, a similar topology change in the submanifolds is still observed at the maximum value of the potential energy manifold, a level which nevertheless is thermodynamically inaccessible. This suggests that static properties of the PES’s are not enough in order to decide whether a phase transition will take place; some input from dynamics seems necessary.
Contido em Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics. Vol. 70, no. 16 (April 2004), 016113, 6 p.
Assunto Equacao de euler
Modelo esferico
Modelos estatisticos
Transformacao de fase
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/109080
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