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Langevin dynamics of fluctuation-induced first-order phase transitions : self-consistent Hartree approximation

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Langevin dynamics of fluctuation-induced first-order phase transitions : self-consistent Hartree approximation

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Título Langevin dynamics of fluctuation-induced first-order phase transitions : self-consistent Hartree approximation
Autor Mulet, Roberto
Stariolo, Daniel Adrian
Abstract The Langevin dynamics of a system with a scalar-order parameter exhibiting a fluctuation-induced firstorder phase transition is solved within the self-consistent Hartree approximation. Competition between interactions on short and long length scales gives rise to spatial modulations in the order parameter, such as stripes in 2d and lamellae in 3d. We show that when the time scale of observation is small compared with the time needed for the formation of modulated structures, the dynamics is dominated by a standard ferromagnetic contribution plus a correction term. However, once these structures are formed, the long-time dynamics is no longer purely ferromagnetic. After a quench from a disordered state to low temperatures, the system develops growing domains of stripes lamellae. Due to the character of the transition, the paramagnetic phase is metastable at all finite temperatures, and the correlation length diverges only at T=0. Consequently, the temperature is a relevant variable: for T >0 the system ends up forming domains of stripes with a finite correlation length while for T=0 a scaling behavior in space and time, characteristic of smectic order, is obtained.
Contido em Physical review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics. Woodbury. Vol. 75, no. 6 (Feb. 2007), 064108 12p.
Assunto Cinética
Liquidos sobreesfriados
Modelo de ising
Transformações de fase
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/109090
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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