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Ruprecht 3 : an old star cluster remnant?

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Ruprecht 3 : an old star cluster remnant?

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Título Ruprecht 3 : an old star cluster remnant?
Autor Pavani, Daniela Borges
Bica, Eduardo Luiz Damiani
Ahumada, Andrea Veronica
Claria Olmedo, Juan Jose
Abstract 2MASS J and H photometry and integrated spectroscopy are employed to study the nature of the poorly populated compact concentration of stars Ruprecht 3, which was previously catalogued as an open cluster. The integrated spectrum remarkably resembles that of a moderately metal-rich globular cluster. The distribution of the object stars in the colour-magnitude diagram is compatible with that of a 1.5 ± 0.5 Gyr open cluster or older, depending on whether the bluer stars are interpreted as turnoff stars or blue stragglers, respectively. We derive for the object a distance from the Sun dʘ = 0.72+0.04 −0.03 kpc and a colour excess E(B−V) = 0.04. Although a globular cluster remnant cannot be ruled out, the integrated spectrum resemblance to that of a globular cluster probably reflects a stochastic effect owing to the few brighter stars. The structural and photometric properties of Ruprecht 3 are compatible with what would be expected for an intermediate-age open cluster remnant.
Contido em Astronomy and astrophysics. Les Ulis. Vol. 399, no. 1 (Feb. 2003), p. 113-120
Assunto Espectros estelares
Fotometria estelar
[en] Galaxy: open clusters and stellar associations: general
[en] Methods: observational
[en] Open clusters and associations: individual: Ruprecht 3
[en] Techniques: spectroscopic
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/109129
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