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A potential source for cellulolytic enzyme discovery and environmental aspects revealed through metagenomics of brazilian mangroves

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A potential source for cellulolytic enzyme discovery and environmental aspects revealed through metagenomics of brazilian mangroves

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Título A potential source for cellulolytic enzyme discovery and environmental aspects revealed through metagenomics of brazilian mangroves
Autor Thompson, Claudia Elizabeth
Silva, Walter Orlando Beys da
Santi, Lucélia
Oliveira, Markus Berger
Vainstein, Marilene Henning
Guimaraes, Jorge Almeida
Vasconcelos, Ana Tereza Ribeiro de
Abstract The mangroves are among the most productive and biologically important environments. The possible presence of cellulolytic enzymes and microorganisms useful for biomass degradation as well as taxonomic and functional aspects of two Brazilian mangroves were evaluated using cultivation and metagenomic approaches. From a total of 296 microorganisms with visual differences in colony morphology and growth (including bacteria, yeast and filamentous fungus), 179 (60.5%) and 117 (39.5%) were isolated from the Rio de Janeiro (RJ) and Bahia (BA) samples, respectively. RJ metagenome showed the higher number of microbial isolates, which is consistent with its most conserved state and higher diversity. The metagenomic sequencing data showed similar predominant bacterial phyla in the BA and RJ mangroves with an abundance of Proteobacteria (57.8% and 44.6%), Firmicutes (11% and 12.3%) and Actinobacteria (8.4% and 7.5%). A higher number of enzymes involved in the degradation of polycyclic aromatic compounds were found in the BA mangrove. Specific sequences involved in the cellulolytic degradation, belonging to cellulases, hemicellulases, carbohydrate binding domains, dockerins and cohesins were identified, and it was possible to isolate cultivable fungi and bacteria related to biomass decomposition and with potential applications for the production of biofuels. These results showed that the mangroves possess all fundamental molecular tools required for building the cellulosome, which is required for the efficient degradation of cellulose material and sugar release.
Contido em AMB Express. Heidelberg, GW. Vol. 3, no. 1 (2013), p. 65-83
Assunto Biomassa
Celulase
Mangues : Brasil
[en] Bacterial diversity
[en] Biomass decomposition
[en] Brazilian mangrove
[en] Cellulase
[en] Metagenomics
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/110156
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