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Cardiovascular disease risk in women with migraine

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Cardiovascular disease risk in women with migraine

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Título Cardiovascular disease risk in women with migraine
Autor Rockett, Fernanda Camboim
Perla, Alexandre da Silveira
Perry, Ingrid Dalira Schweigert
Chaves, Marcia Lorena Fagundes
Abstract Background: Studies suggest a higher prevalence of unfavourable cardiovascular risk factors amongst migraineurs, but results have been conflicting. The aim of this study was to investigate traditional and newly recognized risk factors as well as other surrogate markers of cardiovascular risk in obese and normal weight women with migraine. Methods: Fifty-nine adult female probands participated in this case–control study. The sample was divided into normal weight and obese migraineurs and age- and body mass index-matched control groups. The following cardiovascular risk factors were analyzed: serum levels of lipids, fasting glucose, and insulin; insulin resistance; blood pressure; smoking (categorized as current, past or never); Framingham 10-year risk of general cardiovascular disease score; C-reactive protein; family history of cardiovascular disease; physical activity; sleep disturbances; depression; and bioelectrical impedance phase angle. The means of continuous variables were compared using Student’s t-test for independent samples or the Mann–Whitney U-test (for 2 groups) and ANOVA or the Kruskal-Wallis test (for 4 groups) depending on the distribution of data. Results: All migraineurs were sedentary irrespective of nutritional status. Migraineurs had higher depression scores and shorter sleep duration, and obese migraineurs, in particular, had worse sleep quality scores. Insulin resistance and insulinaemia were associated with obesity, and obese migraineurs had lower HDL-c than normal weight controls and migraineurs. Also, the Framingham risk score was higher in obese migraineurs. Conclusion: These findings suggest that female migraineurs experience marked inactivity, depression, and some sleep disturbance, that higher insulin resistance and insulinaemia are related to obesity, and that obesity and migraine probably exert overlapping effects on HDL-c levels and Framingham 10-year cardiovascular risk.
Contido em Journal of headache and pain. Milano. Vol. 14, no. 1 (Dec. 2013), 9p.
Assunto Depressão
Doenças cardiovasculares
Fatores de risco
Proteina C-reativa
Transtornos de enxaqueca
Transtornos do sono
[en] Cardiovascular disease
[en] Cardiovascular risk
[en] C-reactive protein
[en] Depression
[en] Migraine
[en] Sleep disturbance
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/111806
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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