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Traditional botanical knowledge of artisanal fishers in southern Brazil

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Traditional botanical knowledge of artisanal fishers in southern Brazil

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Título Traditional botanical knowledge of artisanal fishers in southern Brazil
Autor Baptista, Marcela Meneghetti
Ramos, Marcelo Alves
Albuquerque, Ulysses Paulino de
Coelho-de-Souza, Gabriela
Ritter, Mara Rejane
Abstract Background: This study characterized the botanical knowledge of artisanal fishers of the Lami community, Porto Alegre, southern Brazil based on answers to the following question: Is the local botanical knowledge of the artisanal fishers of the rural-urban district of Lami still active, even since the district’s insertion into the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre? Methods: This region, which contains a mosaic of urban and rural areas, hosts the Lami Biological Reserve (LBR) and a community of 13 artisanal fisher families. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 fishers, complemented by participatory observation techniques and free-lists; in these interviews, the species of plants used by the community and their indicated uses were identified. Results: A total of 111 species belonging to 50 families were identified. No significant differences between the diversities of native and exotic species were found. Seven use categories were reported: medicinal (49%), human food (23.2%), fishing (12.3%), condiments (8%), firewood (5%), mystical purposes (1.45%), and animal food (0.72%). The medicinal species with the highest level of agreement regarding their main uses (AMUs) were Aloe arborescens Mill., Plectranthus barbatus Andrews, Dodonaea viscosa Jacq., Plectranthus ornatus Codd, Eugenia uniflora L., and Foeniculum vulgare Mill. For illness and diseases, most plants were used for problems with the digestive system (20 species), followed by the respiratory system (16 species). This community possesses a wide botanical knowledge, especially of medicinal plants, comparable to observations made in other studies with fishing communities in coastal areas of the Atlantic Forest of Brazil. Conclusions: Ethnobotanical studies in rural-urban areas contribute to preserving local knowledge and provide information that aids in conserving the remaining ecosystems in the region.
Contido em Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. London: Bio Med Central, 2013. Vol. 9, No. 54, (Jul. 2013), p. 1-16
Assunto Etnobiologia
Etnobotânica
Fitogeografia : Brasil : Rio Grande do Sul
[en] Artisanal fishers
[en] Ethnobotany
[en] Plant resources
[en] Rio Grande do Sul
[en] Riparian community
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/114949
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