|Título||Bayesian inferences suggest that Amazon Yunga Natives diverged from Andeans less than 5000 ybp : implications for South American prehistory
Scliar, Marília Oliveira
Gouveia, Mateus H.
Fagundes, Nelson Jurandi Rosa
Leal, Thiago P.
Magalhães, Wagner Carlos Santos
Rodrigues, Maíra Ribeiro
Souza, Giordano Bruno Soares
Berg, Douglas E.
Gilman, Robert H.
Santos, Eduardo Tarazona
|Abstract||Background: Archaeology reports millenary cultural contacts between Peruvian Coast-Andes and the Amazon Yunga, a rainforest transitional region between Andes and Lower Amazonia. To clarify the relationships between cultural and biological evolution of these populations, in particular between Amazon Yungas and Andeans, we used DNA-sequence data, a model-based Bayesian approach and several statistical validations to infer a set of demographic parameters. Results: We found that the genetic diversity of the Shimaa (an Amazon Yunga population) is a subset of that of Quechuas from Central-Andes. Using the Isolation-with-Migration population genetics model, we inferred that the Shimaa ancestors were a small subgroup that split less than 5300 years ago (after the development of complex societies) from an ancestral Andean population. After the split, the most plausible scenario compatible with our results is that the ancestors of Shimaas moved toward the Peruvian Amazon Yunga and incorporated the culture and language of some of their neighbors, but not a substantial amount of their genes. We validated our results using Approximate Bayesian Computations, posterior predictive tests and the analysis of pseudo-observed datasets. Conclusions: We presented a case study in which model-based Bayesian approaches, combined with necessary statistical validations, shed light into the prehistoric demographic relationship between Andeans and a population from the Amazon Yunga. Our results offer a testable model for the peopling of this large transitional environmental region between the Andes and the Lower Amazonia. However, studies on larger samples and involving more populations of these regions are necessary to confirm if the predominant Andean biological origin of the Shimaas is the rule, and not the exception.
|Contido em||BMC Evolutionary Biology. London. Vol. 14, no. 1, (Sept. 2014), [art.] 174
América do Sul
Genética de populações
[en] Human evolution
[en] Native american
[en] Population genetics inferences
|Tipo||Artigo de periódico
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