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Seed longevity of Eragrostis plana Nees buried in natural grassland soil

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Seed longevity of Eragrostis plana Nees buried in natural grassland soil

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Título Seed longevity of Eragrostis plana Nees buried in natural grassland soil
Autor Medeiros, Renato Borges de
Focht, Telmo
Menegon, Leandro Luiz
Freitas, Mário Ruschel
Abstract The objective of this research was to evaluate the seed longevity of Eragrostis plana Nees buried at different soil depths, in a natural-grassland area in the Pampa biome (46 m altitude, 30º05´S and 51º40´W) of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The experimental design was a split-plot type in complete blocks with two factors: seeds buried at five different depth levels (soil surface and 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 cm) and seven exhumation dates. The blocks were allocated in natural grassland grazed by cattle, allocated in a 12-m-long transection. Fifty-four permeable nylon bags filled with 100 seeds in each division, with five vertical divisions, were buried in each row. Seven exhumation dates were used: the first on October 14, 2003 and the last on January 14, 2006. The percentage of viable seeds of E. plana, collected at seven exhumation times and set at different depths in the soil horizon, were described by simple negative exponential equations. Based on the model, the percentage of viable seeds collected at the five depths, (soil surface and 2.5, 5, 10, and 20 cm), after 2.5 years of burial, were 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 7.4 and 22.1%, respectively. Increase in depth is directly associated with physical and physiological seed integrity of E. plana. Negative simple exponential equations can be used to predict seed longevity of E. plana buried in nylon bags. This invader species accumulates soil seed-bank of high longevity.
Contido em Revista brasileira de zootecnia= Brazilian journal of animal science [recurso eletrônico]. Viçosa, MG. Vol. 43, n. 11 (nov. 2014), p. 561-567
Assunto Bioma Pampa
Invasão biológica
Semente
[en] Biological invasion
[en] Invader species
[en] Pampa biome
[en] Recovered seeds
[en] Seed bank
[en] Surviving seeds
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/115393
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