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Manufacture of custom-made cranial implants from DICOM® images using 3D printing, CAD/CAM technology and incremental sheet forming

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Manufacture of custom-made cranial implants from DICOM® images using 3D printing, CAD/CAM technology and incremental sheet forming

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Título Manufacture of custom-made cranial implants from DICOM® images using 3D printing, CAD/CAM technology and incremental sheet forming
Autor Castelan, Jovani
Schaeffer, Lirio
Daleffe, Anderson
Fritzen, Daniel
Salvaro, Vanessa Damin
Silva, Fábio Pinto da
Abstract Introduction: This work aims to pre-operatively manufacture custom-made low-cost implants and physical models (‘biomodels’) of fractured skulls. The pre-operative manufacturing of biomodels and implants allows physicians to study and plan surgery with a greater possibility of achieving the expected result. Customization contributes to both the esthetic and functional outcome of the implant because it considers the anatomy of each patient, while the low cost allows a greater number of people to potentially benefi t. Methods: From CT images of a fractured skull, a CAD model of the skull (biomodel) and a restorative implant were constructed digitally. The biomodel was then physically constructed with 3D Printing, and Incremental Sheet Forming (ISF) was used to manufacture the implant from a sheet of pure grade 2 titanium. Before cutting the implant’s fi nal shape from a pre-formed sheet, heat treatment was performed to avoid deformations caused by residual stresses generated during the ISF process. Results: A comparison of the dimensions of the implant and its respective CAD biomodel revealed geometric discrepancies that can affect both functional and aesthetic effi ciency. Nevertheless, the fi nal shape preserved symmetry between the right and left sides of the skull. Electron microscopy analysis did not indicate the presence of elements other than pure titanium. Conclusions: Dimensional variability can be decreased with changes in the manufacturing process (i.e., forming and cutting) and the heating ramp. Despite biomedical characteristics, there was no contamination of the implant by harmful chemical elements. 3D Printing was effective in making the biomodel, enabling pre-operative planning and improving physicianpatient communication. Current results indicate that ISF is a process that can be used to obtain custom-made implants.
Contido em Revista brasileira de engenharia biomédica. Rio de Janeiro. Vol. 3, no. 3 (Sept. 2014), p. 265-273
Assunto Customização
Estampagem incremental
Prótese craniana
Titanio
[en] 3D printing
[en] Biomodel
[en] Custom-made
[en] Implant
[en] Incremental sheet forming
[en] Titanium
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/116910
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