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Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of pregnant and puerperal crack-cocaine using women : preliminary data

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Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of pregnant and puerperal crack-cocaine using women : preliminary data

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Título Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of pregnant and puerperal crack-cocaine using women : preliminary data
Autor Zavaschi, Maria Lucrécia Scherer
Mardini, Victor
Cunha, Gabrielle Bocchese da
Martins-Costa, Sérgio Hofmeister de Almeida
Guarienti, Fabiana Amaral
Pianca, Thiago Gatti
Pechansky, Flavio
Rohde, Luis Augusto Paim
Kapczinski, Flávio Pereira
Ceresér, Keila Maria Mendes
Szobot, Claudia Maciel
Abstract Background: The literature provides several studies on the effects of cocaine when exposed to the fetus. However, the majority of these data comes from animal models. Objective: The objective of this study is to present socio-demographic and clinical data in crack-cocaine using pregnant women and their babies, as compared to non-users. Methods: Cross-sectional study, comprised by 56 dyads of crack-cocaine using mothers-babies and 89 control dyads. In addition to the socio-demographic data and the babies’ information, data collection was based on ABIPEMI for socioeconomic level, WAIS for IQ, MINI for psychopathology and ASSIST for drug use. Results: Most crack users, in comparison to non-users, did not have a partner (10.52% vs 4.4%, P = 0.001) and presented lower IQ (78.15, +/-8.07 vs 84.27 +/- 9.87; P = 0.002). The prevalence of antisocial personality disorder and suicide risk in users was higher than in non-users (24.44% vs none, P < 0.001; 28.26% vs 10.46% P = 0.01). Most of the users did not participate in prenatal care (75%). The babies that the crack-cocaine using mothers gave birth to weighed significantly less than the controls (2.858 g vs 3.240 g, P = 0.002). Discussion: Users had a higher degree of psychopathology and lower attendance in prenatal care. There was an overlap of adverse factors, both for exposed mothers and babies. The sum of these vulnerabilities could result in significant harm to the developing infant.
Contido em Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo). Vol. 41, n. 5 (set./out. 2014), p. 121-123
Assunto Cocaína crack
Gravidez
Indicadores demográficos
Período pós-parto
[en] Infant
[en] Pregnant women
[en] Psychopathology
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/117949
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