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High prevalence of diabetes and intermediate hyperglycemia : the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

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High prevalence of diabetes and intermediate hyperglycemia : the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

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Título High prevalence of diabetes and intermediate hyperglycemia : the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
Autor Schmidt, Maria Inês
Hoffmann, Juliana Feliciati
Diniz, Maria de Fátima Haueisen Sander
Lotufo, Paulo Andrade
Griep, Rosane Harter
Benseñor, Isabela Judith Martins
Mill, José Geraldo
Barreto, Sandhi Maria
Aquino, Estela Maria Motta Lima Leão de
Duncan, Bruce Bartholow
Abstract Background: The global burden of diabetes mellitus and other chronic diseases is high, and 80% of those with diabetes now live in low and middle income countries. Yet, little information is available regarding prevalence of diabetes and intermediate hyperglycemia in these countries, especially when a full range of diagnostic tests is employed. The purpose of this study is to provide a full accounting of these prevalences in a large, free-living Brazilian population. Methods: We report baseline data (2008-2010) from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), a cohort study of 15,105 civil servants aged 35-74 years. Diabetes mellitus was ascertained by self-report of diagnosis, medication use, fasting glucose, an oral glucose tolerance test, and/or glycated hemoglobin. Cut-offs for diabetes and intermediate hyperglycemia followed the recommendations of the World Health Organization and the American Diabetes Association. Adjusted prevalences were estimated through logistic regression. Findings: With this full accounting, 19.7% (19.0%-20.3%) had diabetes mellitus, 50.4% being previously undiagnosed. Frequencies of intermediate hyperglycemia according to various criteria ranged from 16.1% to 52.6%. Diabetes or intermediate hyperglycemia was present in 79.1% of participants when using the most comprehensive definitions. The burden was greatest in the elderly, the obese, non-whites, and those with less formal education (p < 0.001). Interpretation: That four of every five free-living individuals aged 35-74 years working in selected public institutions in six Brazilian state capitals presented either diabetes or intermediate hyperglycemia highlights the advanced stage of the obesity – diabetes epidemic in urban Brazil and indicates the need for urgent action.
Contido em Diabetology & metabolic syndrome. São Paulo. Vol. 6 (nov. 2014), 9p.
Assunto Diabetes mellitus
Estado pré-diabético
Hiperglicemia
[en] Brazil
[en] Prevalence
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/118220
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