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Measurement and evaluation of human exposure to vibration transmitted to hand-arm system during leisure cyclist activity

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Measurement and evaluation of human exposure to vibration transmitted to hand-arm system during leisure cyclist activity

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Título Measurement and evaluation of human exposure to vibration transmitted to hand-arm system during leisure cyclist activity
Autor Gomes, Herbert Martins
Savionek, Daniel
Abstract Introduction: The cycling activity has increased in recent years, either as a means of leisure or physical activity or as means of transport. Discomfort is one of the main complaints for cyclists, especially when related to the type o pavement they use while riding. This work presents a study of measurement and evaluation of human exposure to hand-arm vibration in the leisure cyclist activity in different pavements in order to classify according to vibration discomfort and to vibration injury risk. Methods: Vibration measurements are performed for three pavement types, asphalt (AS), precast concrete slab (PC), and interlocking concrete blocks (BI), using two bicycle models (time trial speed racing bike, S and mountain bike, MB), and cyclists with different physical characteristics. It is performed a quantitative analysis of each confi guration – pavement type × bike model × cyclist – where the daily vibration exposure A(8) is evaluated, as defi ned in ISO 5349-1 Standard, for 2h daily exposure. It is also evaluated the maximum daily exposure in order to reach limit values, as defi ned by Directive 2002/44/EC. Results: Based on a subjective analysis (survey), it is evaluated the comfort degree for vibration exposure for each tested pavement, according to a survey within cyclists. Finally, the results are compared using both quantitative and subjective analysis. Conclusions: Not surprisingly, it has been noticed that the most comfortable pavement type is the asphalt pavement (AS), followed by the precast concrete pavement (PC) and by the interlocking concrete blocks pavement (BI), confi rming the opinion pool within cyclists. As a new fi nding, for some pavement types, bikes and daily journey activities, the vibration levels may reach health limit levels which justify the originality of the work and the importance as guidance for healthy public decisions for new cycle paths.
Contido em Revista brasileira de engenharia biomédica. Rio de Janeiro. Vol. 30, n. 4 (Oct./Dec. 2014), p. 291-300
Assunto Biomecânica
Corpo humano
Vibração : Medição
[en] Hand-arm vibration
[en] Human exposure to vibration
[en] Pavement to cycle paths
[en] Vibration measurement in bicycles
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/118638
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