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Carabid beetle assemblages in three environmental in the Araucaria humid forest of southern Brazil

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Carabid beetle assemblages in three environmental in the Araucaria humid forest of southern Brazil

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Título Carabid beetle assemblages in three environmental in the Araucaria humid forest of southern Brazil
Autor Moraes, Rodrigo Milton
Mendonça Jr., Milton de Souza
Ott, Ricardo
Abstract Carabid beetle assemblages in three environments in the Araucaria humid forest of southern Brazil. Carabidae is composed mainly by ground-dwelling predator beetles. It is the fourth most diverse group within Coleoptera, but its diversity in the Neotropical region is understudied. Here we describe and analyze the diversity of carabid beetles in a region of subtropical rain forest dominated by Araucaria angustifolia with different landscapes. Three areas were chosen in an environmental integrity gradient: primary forests, secondary forests and old Pinus plantations. Pitfall traps were taken monthly, in a total of 14 samples per area. 1733 adult carabid beetles, belonging to 18 species, were sampled. There were differences in richness and abundance between the sampled areas. The total scores followed the same tendency: primary forests (14 species/747 individuals), secondary forests (13/ 631) and Pinus forests (10/355). An analysis of similarity shows differences in species composition, for both areas and seasons. Galerita lacordarei was the most abundant species for all samples and seasons. Carabid species show similar responses in accordance with habitat heterogeneity and disturbance. The abundance of Galerita lacordarei was influenced by temperature, for all sampled sites. Environmental changes affect the carabid assemblages and decrease diversity, possibly interfering in local dynamics. Seasonality patterns seem to indicate an increase in individual movement during summer, probably in search of resources. It is suggested that microhabitat patchiness is probably an important factor affecting carabid beetle diversity at small spatial scales.
Contido em Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, São Paulo. Vol. 57, n. 1 (jan./mar. 2013), p. 67-74
Assunto Carabidae
Coleoptera
[en] Carabidae
[en] Coleoptera
[en] Diversity
[en] Insecta
[en] Pitfall trap
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/119175
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