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Genetics and human rights. Two histories : restoring genetic identify after forced disappearance and identify suppression in Argentina and after compulsory isolation for leprosy in Brazil

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Genetics and human rights. Two histories : restoring genetic identify after forced disappearance and identify suppression in Argentina and after compulsory isolation for leprosy in Brazil

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Título Genetics and human rights. Two histories : restoring genetic identify after forced disappearance and identify suppression in Argentina and after compulsory isolation for leprosy in Brazil
Autor Penchaszadeh, Victor
Faccini, Lavinia Schuler
Abstract Over the past three decades, there has been an accelerated development of genetic technology, leading to its use in human genetic identification for many purposes. Additionally, it has been made explicit that identity is a fundamental human right. A number of historical circumstances have connected these developments. Personal identity is increasingly associated with the preservation and defense of human rights and is a tool to repair the violation of these rights, particularly the right to identity. In this article, we report the use of genetics to support the right to identity in two historical circumstances. First, we report the search, localization, DNA testing and genetic identification of 110 individuals who were appropriated as babies by the Argentine military dictatorship of 1976-1983 in the context of savage repression and egregious violations of human rights, including forced disappearance and suppression of identity. Second, we report on the repair of right-to-identity violations of hundreds of individuals that occurred during the process of compulsory isolation of patients with leprosy in Brazil through the Program “Reencontro”, which has led to the genetic identification of 158 pairs of individuals who previously did not have proof that they were siblings. The high value placed on genetic identification by victims of identity suppression did not counter the prevailing view that genetic factors were not more important than other factors (social, emotional, educational, cultural, spiritual) in determining the complex phenomenon of personal identity. The use of genetic identification as a tool to redress and repair human rights violations is a novel application of human genetics for the benefit of mankind.
Contido em Genetics and molecular biology. Ribeirão Preto, SP. Vol. 37, no. 1 suppl. (Mar. 2014), p. 299-304
Assunto Argentina
Brasil
Direitos humanos
Hanseníase
[en] Argentina
[en] Brazil
[en] Genetics and human rights
[en] Leprosy
[en] Suppression of identity
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/128990
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