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Linear and nonlinear ion-acoustic waves in nonrelativistic quantum plasmas with arbitrary degeneracy

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Linear and nonlinear ion-acoustic waves in nonrelativistic quantum plasmas with arbitrary degeneracy

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Título Linear and nonlinear ion-acoustic waves in nonrelativistic quantum plasmas with arbitrary degeneracy
Autor Haas, Fernando
Mahmood, Shahzad
Abstract Linear and nonlinear ion-acoustic waves are studied in a fluid model for nonrelativistic, unmagnetized quantum plasma with electrons with an arbitrary degeneracy degree. The equation of state for electrons follows from a local Fermi-Dirac distribution function and applies equally well both to fully degenerate and classical, nondegenerate limits. Ions are assumed to be cold. Quantum diffraction effects through the Bohm potential are also taken into account. A general coupling parameter valid for dilute and dense plasmas is proposed. The linear dispersion relation of the ion-acoustic waves is obtained and the ion-acoustic speed is discussed for the limiting cases of extremely dense or dilute systems. In the long-wavelength limit, the results agree with quantum kinetic theory. Using the reductive perturbation method, the appropriate Korteweg–de Vries equation for weakly nonlinear solutions is obtained and the corresponding soliton propagation is analyzed. It is found that soliton hump and dip structures are formed depending on the value of the quantum parameter for the degenerate electrons, which affect the phase velocities in the dispersive medium.
Contido em Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics. Vol. 92, no. 5 (Nov. 2015), 053112, 9 p.
Assunto Ondas íon-acústicas em plasmas
Sólitons em plasmas
Teoria cinetica de plasmas
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/131413
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