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Cytogenomic evaluation of subjects with syndromic and nonsyndromic conotruncal heart defects

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Cytogenomic evaluation of subjects with syndromic and nonsyndromic conotruncal heart defects

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Título Cytogenomic evaluation of subjects with syndromic and nonsyndromic conotruncal heart defects
Autor Souza, Karen Regina Silva de
Mergener, Rafaella
Huber, Janaina
Pellanda, Lucia Campos
Riegel, Mariluce
Abstract Despite considerable advances in the detection of genomic abnormalities in congenital heart disease (CHD), the etiology of CHD remains largely unknown. CHD is the most common birth defect and is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality, and conotruncal defects constitute 20% of all CHD cases. We used array comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) to retrospectively study 60 subjects with conotruncal defects and identify genomic imbalances. The DNA copy number variations (CNVs) detected were matched with data from genomic databases, and their clinical significance was evaluated. We found that 38.3% (23/60) of CHD cases possessed genomic imbalances. In 8.3% (5/60) of these cases, the imbalances were causal or potentially causal CNVs; in 8.3% (5/60), unclassified CNVs were identified; and in 21.6% (13/60), common variants were detected. Although the interpretation of the results must be refined and there is not yet a consensus regarding the types of CHD cases in which array- CGH should be used as a first-line test, the identification of these CNVs can assist in the evaluation and management of CHD.The results of such studies emphasize the growing importance of the use of genome-wide assays in subjects with CHD to increase the number of genomic data sets associated with this condition.
Contido em BioMed Research International. New York, NY. Vol. 2015 (2015), ID 401941, [12] p.
Assunto Cardiopatias congênitas
Genômica
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/132026
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