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Predictors of better self-care in patients with heart failure after six months of follow-up home visits

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Predictors of better self-care in patients with heart failure after six months of follow-up home visits

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Título Predictors of better self-care in patients with heart failure after six months of follow-up home visits
Autor Trojahn, Melina Maria
Ruschel, Karen Brasil
Souza, Emiliane Nogueira de
Mussi, Claudia Motta
Hirakata, Vania Naomi
Lopes, Alexandra Nogueira Mello
Silva, Eneida Rejane Rabelo da
Abstract This study aimed to examine the predictors of better self-care behavior in patientswith heart failure (HF) in a homevisiting program. This is a longitudinal study nested in a randomized controlled trial (ISRCTN01213862) in which the home-based educational intervention consisted of a six-month followup that included four home visits by a nurse, interspersed with four telephone calls. The self-care score was measured at baseline and at six months using the Brazilian version of the European Heart Failure Self- Care Behaviour Scale. The associations included eight variables: age, sex, schooling, having received the intervention, social support, income, comorbidities, and symptom severity. A simple linear regression model was developed using significant variables (𝑃 ≤ 0.20), followed by a multivariate model to determine the predictors of better self-care. One hundred eighty-eight patients completed the study. A better self-care behavior was associated with patients who received intervention (𝑃 < 0.001), had more years of schooling (𝑃 = 0.016), and had more comorbidities (𝑃 = 0.008). Having received the intervention (𝑃 < 0.001) and having a greater number of comorbidities (𝑃 = 0.038) were predictors of better self-care. In the multivariate regression model, being in the intervention group and having more comorbidities were a predictor of better self-care.
Contido em Nursing Research and Practice. New York: Hindawi, [2010]-. Vol. 2013, (2013), 5 p.
Assunto Autocuidado
Insuficiência cardíaca
Visita domiciliar
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/140046
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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