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Associations between child disciplinary pratices and bullying behavior in adolescents

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Associations between child disciplinary pratices and bullying behavior in adolescents

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Título Associations between child disciplinary pratices and bullying behavior in adolescents
Autor Zottis, Graziela Aline Hartmann
Salum Junior, Giovanni Abrahão
Isolan, Luciano Rassier
Manfro, Gisele Gus
Heldt, Elizeth Paz da Silva
Abstract Objective: to investigate associations between different types of child disciplinary practices and children and adolescents’ bullying behavior in a Brazilian sample. Methods: cross-sectional study, with a school-based sample of 10- to 15-year-old children and adolescents. Child disciplinary practices were assessed using two main subtypes: powerassertive and punitive (psychological aggression, corporal punishment, deprivation of privileges, and penalty tasks) and inductive (explaining, rewarding, and monitoring). A modified version of the Olweus Bully Victim Questionnaire was used to measure the frequency of bullying. Results: 247 children and adolescents were evaluated and 98 (39.7%) were classified as bullies. Power-assertive and punitive discipline by either mother or father was associated with bullying perpetration by their children. Mothers who mostly used this type of discipline were 4.36 (95% CI: 1.87-10.16; p < 0.001) times more likely of having a bully child. Psychological aggression and mild forms of corporal punishment presented the highest odds ratios. Overall inductive discipline was not associated with bullying. Conclusions: bullying was associated to parents’ assertive and punitive discipline. Finding different ways of disciplining children and adolescents might decrease bullying behavior.
Contido em Jornal de Pediatria (Rio de Janeiro). Rio de Janeiro. Vol. 90, no.4 (July/Aug. 2014), p. 408-414
Assunto Adolescente
Bullying
Comportamento do adolescente
Educação infantil
[en] Adolescent
[en] Bullying
[en] Child rearing
[en] Punishment
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/141196
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