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Comparison of videonasoendoscopy and auditory-perceptual evaluation of speech in individuals with cleft lip/palate

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Comparison of videonasoendoscopy and auditory-perceptual evaluation of speech in individuals with cleft lip/palate

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Título Comparison of videonasoendoscopy and auditory-perceptual evaluation of speech in individuals with cleft lip/palate
Autor Collares, Marcus Vinicius Martins
Paniagua, Lauren Medeiros
Signorini, Alana Verza
Dornelles, Silvia
Costa, Sady Selaimen da
Abstract Introduction: The velopharyngeal sphincter (VPS) is a muscle belt located between the oropharynx and the nasopharynx. Investigations of velopharyngeal function should include an auditory-perceptual evaluation and at least 1 instrument-based evaluation such as videonasoendoscopy. Aim: To compare the findings of auditory-perceptual evaluation (hypernasality) and videonasoendoscopy (gap size) in individuals with cleft lip/palate. Method: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study assessing 49 subjects, of both sexes, with cleft lip/palate followed up at the Otorhinolaryngology Service and the Speech Therapy outpatient clinic of Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA). The results from the auditory-perceptual evaluation and the videonasoendoscopy test were compared with respect to the VPS gap size. Results: Subjects with moderate/severe hypernasality had more severe velopharyngeal closure impairment than those with a less severe condition. The interaction between hypernasality severity and the presence of other speech disorders (p = 0.035), whether compensatory and/or obligatory, increased the likelihood of having a moderate-to-large gap in the velopharyngeal closure. Conclusions: We observed an association between the findings of these 2 evaluation methods.
Contido em International archives of otorhinolaryngology. Vol. 17, n. 3 (jul./set. 2013), p. 18-31.
Assunto Esfíncter velofaríngeo
Fissura palatina
Transtornos da comunicação
[en] Cleft palate
[en] Communication disorders
[en] Evaluation
[en] Velopharyngeal sphincter
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/147319
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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