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Comparison of multiple genotyping methods for the identification of the cancer predisposing founder mutation p.R337H in TP53

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Comparison of multiple genotyping methods for the identification of the cancer predisposing founder mutation p.R337H in TP53

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Título Comparison of multiple genotyping methods for the identification of the cancer predisposing founder mutation p.R337H in TP53
Autor Kiehl, Mariana Fitarelli
Macedo, Gabriel de Souza
Schlatter, Rosane Paixão
Santos, Patricia Koehler dos
Matte, Ursula da Silveira
Prolla, Patrícia Ashton
Giacomazzi, Juliana
Abstract Germline mutations in the TP53 gene are associated with Li-Fraumeni and Li-Fraumeni-Like Syndromes, characterized by increased predisposition to early-onset cancers. In Brazil, the prevalence of the TP53-p.R337H germline mutation is exceedingly high in the general population and in cancer-affected patients, probably as result of a founder effect. Several genotyping methods are used for the molecular diagnosis of LFS/LFL, however Sanger sequencing is still considered the gold standard. We compared performance, cost and turnaround time of Sanger sequencing, PCR-RFLP, TaqMan-PCR and HRM in the p.R337H genotyping. The performance was determined by analysis of 95 genomic DNA samples and results were 100% concordant for all methods. Sequencing was the most expensive method followed by TaqMan-PCR, PCR-RFLP and HRM. The overall cost of HRM increased with the prevalence of positive samples, since confirmatory sequencing must be performed when a sample shows an abnormal melting profile, but remained lower than all other methods when the mutation prevalence was less than 2.5%. Sequencing had the highest throughput and the longest turnaround time, while TaqMan-PCR showed the lowest turnaround and hands-on times. All methodologies studied are suitable for the detection of p.R337H and the choice will depend on the application and clinical scenario.
Contido em Genetics and molecular biology. Ribeirão Preto, SP. Vol. 39, no. 2 (Jun. 2016), p. 203-209
Assunto Neoplasias
Predisposição genética para doença
[en] HRM
[en] RFLP
[en] Sanger sequencing
[en] TaqMan
[en] TP53-p.R337H
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/147480
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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