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Improving black-box speech-to-text systems via machine learning techniques

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Improving black-box speech-to-text systems via machine learning techniques

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Título Improving black-box speech-to-text systems via machine learning techniques
Autor Schwade, Guilherme Vieira
Orientador Silva, Bruno Castro da
Data 2016
Nível Graduação
Instituição Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Instituto de Informática. Curso de Ciência da Computação: Ênfase em Ciência da Computação: Bacharelado.
Assunto Aprendizagem : Maquina
Reconhecimento : Padroes
[en] Levenshtein distance
[en] Machine learning
[en] Phonetic algorithm
[en] Speech Recognition
Abstract There are several ways a user can interact with a computer. Not every way is equally appropriate for all situations: when typing, a keyboard is more appropriate; a mouse, on the other hand, is a better fit in case the user needs to control the cursor with precision. In some complex systems, the user might need to execute several different tasks, and, therefore, might need different ways to interact with the system. In order to simplify those interactions, the use of voice commands might be a good strategy, since they often allow the user to specify the task to be executed with a richer input vocabulary than that available via other, more standard input devices. However, the development of robust speech-to-text converters (SST converters) requires a lot of time and resources which development teams often do not have. There are widely-used SST converters available on the internet, such as theWeb Speech API from Google; these systems are in a very advanced stage of maturity considering general context applications—for instance, when they are used to analyze terms and words that occur in day-to-day conversations. However, these systems are often not efficient when used to analyze contextspecific terms, which occur only in particular systems or applications. Furthermore, these systems are usually black-box and cannot be modified or improved by developers who wish to use them to solve particular specialized speech-to-text problems. To analyze possible solutions to this problem, we study the development of an additional layer of software, trained via machine learning techniques, to correct or adapt the imperfect translations generated by a black-box STT when applied to a specific domain. In particular, we propose and evaluate several machine learning solutions to improve a complex flight tickets management system to which we wish to add voice-control capabilities. In the first part of this work, we discuss our motivation and describe the domain where the proposed methods evaluated. After that, mathematical theoretical background is presented and we introduce possible solutions to the particular domain at hand. At the end, a critical analysis of the results is made and future work is discussed.
Tipo Trabalho de conclusão de graduação
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/147632
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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