Repositório Digital

A- A A+

Alcohol drinking pattern : a comparison between HIV-infected patients and individuals from the general population

.

Alcohol drinking pattern : a comparison between HIV-infected patients and individuals from the general population

Mostrar registro completo

Estatísticas

Título Alcohol drinking pattern : a comparison between HIV-infected patients and individuals from the general population
Autor Ikeda, Maria Letícia Rodrigues
Barcellos, Nêmora Tregnago
Alencastro, Paulo Ricardo de
Wolff, Fernando Herz
Moreira, Leila Beltrami
Gus, Miguel
Brandao, Ajacio Bandeira de Mello
Fuchs, Flávio Danni
Fuchs, Sandra Cristina Pereira Costa
Abstract Background Alcohol consumption is highly prevalent in the general population and among HIV-infected population. This study aimed to compare the pattern of alcohol consumption and to describe characteristics associated with heavy alcohol consumption in individuals from the general population with patients infected with HIV. Methods Participants for this analysis came from a population-based cross-sectional study and from a consecutive sampling of patients infected with HIV. Participants aged 18 years or older were interviewed using similar questionnaires with questions pertaining to socio-demographic characteristics, alcohol consumption, smoking, physical activity, and HIV-related characteristics, among others. Blood pressure and anthropometric measures were measured using standardized procedures. Results Weekly alcohol consumption was more prevalent among individuals from the general population than HIV-infected patients: 57.0 vs. 31.1%, P<0.001. The prevalence of heavy episodic drinking was higher in the population sample as well: 46.1 vs. 17.0%, P<0.001. In the general population, heavy alcohol consumption was more prevalent in men. Cigarette smoking was independently associated with heavy alcohol consumption among HIV infected (Prevalence Ratio; PR = 5.9; 95%CI 2.6–13.9; P<0,001) and general population (PR = 2.6; 95%CI 1.9–3.0; P<0.001). Years at school were inversely associated with heavy alcohol consumption among HIV-infected patients and directly associated among participants from the general population, even after controlling for sex, age, skin color, and smoking. Conclusions Heavy alcohol consumption is more prevalent in the general population than among HIVinfected patients. Individuals aware about their disease may reduce the amount of alcoholic beverages consumption comparatively to healthy individuals from the general population.
Contido em PLoS ONE. San Francisco. Vol. 11, no. 6 (Jun. 2016), artigo e0158535
Assunto Álcool : Consumo
HIV
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/148673
Arquivos Descrição Formato
000998074.pdf (159.7Kb) Texto completo (inglês) Adobe PDF Visualizar/abrir

Este item está licenciado na Creative Commons License

Este item aparece na(s) seguinte(s) coleção(ões)


Mostrar registro completo

Percorrer



  • O autor é titular dos direitos autorais dos documentos disponíveis neste repositório e é vedada, nos termos da lei, a comercialização de qualquer espécie sem sua autorização prévia.
    Projeto gráfico elaborado pelo Caixola - Clube de Criação Fabico/UFRGS Powered by DSpace software, Version 1.8.1.