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Subjective well-being of children in residential care centers : comparison between children in institutional care and children living with their families

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Subjective well-being of children in residential care centers : comparison between children in institutional care and children living with their families

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Título Subjective well-being of children in residential care centers : comparison between children in institutional care and children living with their families
Outro título El bienestar subjetivo de los niños en acogimiento residencial : comparación entre niños acogidos en instituciones y niños que viven con sus familias
Autor Schütz, Fabiane Friedrich
Castellá Sarriera, Jorge
Bedin, Lívia Maria
Montserrat, Carme
Abstract Most of studies with children in residential care centers in Brazil emphasize the problems associated with being in care but few investigate the well-being of these children. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate and compare the subjective well-being of children in residential care centers versus those from the general population living with their families. Subjects were two hundred and eighteen children, ages 8 to 12 (M = 10.06; SD = 1.40). Half of them are under residential care and half are living with their families. Discriminant analysis was performed using as independent variables the seven PWI-SC items, the eight GDSI domains and the OLS single-item scale, and as dependent variable the group in which the children belong (foster care/families). Results indicate that all items significantly discriminated towards children living with their families. We argue that differences may be related to transitions and life experiences prior to institutionalization. Children with fewer changes manage to maintain their social bonds and find greater consistency in care, which seems to influence their sense of well-being. We conclude that the promotion of well-being must aim at forms of care involving greater stability.
Resumen La mayoría de los estudios con niños acogidos en instituciones en Brasil destacan los pro-blemas asociados a la acogida y pocos investigan el bienestar de estos niños. El objetivo de este estudio es investigar y comparar el bienestar subjetivo de los niños acogidos en institu-ciones con el bienestar de niños que viven con sus familias. Participaron 218 niños con eda-des entre 8 y 12 años (M = 10,06; DT = 1,40), de estos 109 acogidos en instituciones y 109 viven con sus familias. Se realizó un análisis discriminante utilizando como variables inde-pendientes los siete ítems del PWI-SC, los ocho ámbitos del GDSI y la escala de ítem-único OLS, como variable dependiente el grupo a que pertenecen los niños (acogidos/familias). Los resultados indican que todos ítems discriminan significativamente en favor de los niños que viven con sus familias. Las diferencias pueden estar relacionadas con las transiciones y experiencias de vida anteriores al acogimiento. Los niños sometidos a menos cambios consi-guen mantener sus vínculos sociales y encuentran mayor coherencia en el cuidado, lo que parece tener resultados en su bienestar. Por tanto, la promoción del bienestar debe tener formas de acogimiento que impliquen una mayor estabilidad.
Contido em Psicoperspectivas. Valparaíso. Vol. 14, n. 1 ( jan. 2015), p. 19-30.
Assunto Bem-estar
Criança
Família
Moradias assistidas
Subjetividade
[en] Children
[en] Families
[en] Residential care
[en] Subjective well-being
[es] Acogimiento institucional
[es] Bienestar subjetivo
[es] Niños
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/159306
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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