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Exploring the brown dwarf desert : new substellar companions from the SDSS-III MARVELS survey

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Exploring the brown dwarf desert : new substellar companions from the SDSS-III MARVELS survey

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Título Exploring the brown dwarf desert : new substellar companions from the SDSS-III MARVELS survey
Autor Grieves, Nolan
Ge, Jian
Thomas, N.
Ma, Bo
Sithajan, Sirinrat
Ghezzi, Luan
Kimock, Benjamin
Willis, Kevin
De Lee, Nathan M.
Lee, Brian L.
Fleming, S.W.
Agol, Eric
Troup, Nicholas W.
Paegert, Martin
Schneider, D.P.
Stassun, Keivan G.
Városi, Frank
Zhao, Bo
Liu, Jian
Li, Rui
Mello, Gustavo Frederico Porto de
Bizyaev, D.
Pan, K.
Ferreira, Letícia D.
Lorenzo-Oliveira, Diego
Santiago, Basilio Xavier
Costa, Luiz N. da
Maia, Marcio Antonio Geimba
Ogando, Ricardo L.C.
Del Peloso, Eduardo Fernandez
Abstract Planet searches using the radial velocity technique show a paucity of companions to solar-type stars within ∼5 au in the mass range of ∼10–80 MJup. This deficit, known as the brown dwarf desert, currently has no conclusive explanation. New substellar companions in this region help assess the reality of the desert and provide insight to the formation and evolution of these objects. Here, we present 10 new brown dwarf and 2 low-mass stellar companion candidates around solar-type stars from the Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanet Large-Area Survey (MARVELS) of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III. These companions were selected from processed MARVELS data using the latest University of Florida Two Dimensional pipeline, which shows significant improvement and reduction of systematic errors over previous pipelines. The 10 brown dwarf companions range in mass from ∼13 to 76 MJup and have orbital radii of less than 1 au. The two stellar companions have minimum masses of ∼98 and 100 MJup. The host stars of the MARVELS brown dwarf sample have a mean metallicity of [Fe/H] = 0.03 ± 0.08 dex. Given our stellar sample we estimate the brown dwarf occurrence rate around solar-type stars with periods less than ∼300 d to be ∼0.56 per cent.
Contido em Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Oxford. Vol. 467, no. 4 (June 2017), p. 4264–4281
Assunto Anãs marrons
Estrelas binarias
Velocidade radial
[en] Binaries spectroscopic
[en] Brown dwarfs
[en] Techniques radial velocities
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/159732
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