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Treatment of hypernatremia in breastfeeding neonates : a systematic review

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Treatment of hypernatremia in breastfeeding neonates : a systematic review

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Título Treatment of hypernatremia in breastfeeding neonates : a systematic review
Autor Bischoff, Adrianne Rahde
Dornelles, Alícia Dorneles
Carvalho, Clarissa Gutierrez
Abstract Background/Aims: Hypernatremic dehydration in term neonates is associated with inadequate fluid intake, usually related to insufficient lactation. The use of hypotonic fluids is appropriate to dilute serum sodium (SNa), but cerebral edema may develop when it happens abruptly. Our objective was to clarify how to correct hypernatremic dehydration properly. Methods: The following databases were searched, limited to studies published until January 31st, 2016: Clinical Trials, MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS, and the Cochrane Library. We included open-label trials, nonrandomized controlled trials, or prospective and retrospective case series evaluating relevant outcomes. Information regarding the way of administering the treatment, type of fluid used, rates of complications and outcomes, as well as the rate of SNa reduction were collected. Results: Searches yielded 771 articles: 64 had the full text reviewed and 9 were included. No randomized clinical trials or systematic reviews focusing on treatment of hypernatremic dehydration and its outcomes were found. We found a scarcity of high quality studies and great methodology heterogeneity. Conclusions: More severe hypernatremia is at greater risk of causing severe adverse effects of treatment. There is no consensus about the optimal rate of SNa drop in this population, but a slower correction appears to be safer. Questions as when parenteral fluids are indicated remain unanswered.
Contido em Biomedicine hub. Basel. Vol. 2, no. 1 (Jan./Apr. 2017), 454980, 10 p.
Assunto Edema encefálico
Hipernatremia
Recém-nascido
[en] Breastfeeding
[en] Cerebral edema
[en] Hypernatremia treatment
[en] Hypernatremic dehydration
[en] Serum sodium
[en] Term neonates
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/163558
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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