|Título||Estimating the direct costs of ischemic heart disease : evidence from a teaching hospital in Brazil, a retrospective cohort study
Schlatter, Rosane Paixão
Hirakata, Vania Naomi
Polanczyk, Carisi Anne
|Abstract||Background: Coronary artery disease is the most prevalent cardiovascular disease. In the United States, 7% of adults over 20 years of age are estimated to have coronary artery disease. In Brazil, a prevalence of 5 to 8% has been estimated in adults over 40 years of age, with an increased number of hospitalizations associated with both stable and acute clinical manifestations; and health care costs have quadrupled in the last decade. To estimate the direct costs of managing ischemic heart disease patient care in a teaching hospital in Brazil from the perspective of the service payer, the Brazilian Unified Health System. Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort study for the identification and valuation of resources used at both the outpatient and in-hospital levels in a sample of 330 patients selected from the hospital's ischemic heart disease clinic. Data were collected from computerized hospital records and patients' hospital bills from January 2000 to October 2015. A bivariate analysis and binary logistic regression were performed with p < 0.05 considered statistically significant Results: The study population consisted of 330 patients with a mean age 61 ± 10 years and a follow-up period of 107 ± 2.6 months; of the patients, 55% were male, 89% had hypertension, 48% had diabetes, and 65% had acute myocardial infarction. The mean annual cost of outpatient management was US $1,521 per patient. The mean cost per hospitalization was US $1,976, and the expenses were higher in the first and last years of follow-up. Unstable angina, revascularization procedures, diabetes, hypertension and obesity were predictors of higher hospitalization costs (p <0.05). Conclusion: The cost estimates in this study indicate a high proportion of drug treatment costs in the treatment of ischemic heart disease. Treatment costs are higher in the first year and at the end of treatment, and some clinical factors are associated with greater hospital care costs. These results may serve as a basis for the evaluation of existing public policies and inputs for cost-effectiveness studies in coronary artery disease. Trial registration: CEP HCPA 11–0460. Ethics Committee of Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre.
|Contido em||BMC cardiovascular disorders. London. Vol. 17 (2017), 180, 11 p.
Hospitais de ensino
[en] Coronary artery disease
[en] Direct costs
[en] Disease cost study
|Tipo||Artigo de periódico
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