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Propriedades adesivas de IPNS a base de poliuretana de óleo de mamona associada a diferentes poliacrilatos

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Propriedades adesivas de IPNS a base de poliuretana de óleo de mamona associada a diferentes poliacrilatos

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Title Propriedades adesivas de IPNS a base de poliuretana de óleo de mamona associada a diferentes poliacrilatos
Author Vieira, Eleno Rodrigues
Advisor Forte, Maria Madalena de Camargo
Date 2005
Level Master
Institution Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Engenharia. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Minas, Metalúrgica e de Materiais.
Subject Oleo de mamona
Polímeros
Abstract in Portuguese Neste trabalho foram sintetizadas poliuretanas (PUs) a base de leo demamona e redes de polmeros interpenetrantes (IPNs) de PU com polmerosacrlicos, com o objetivo de avaliar o potencial destas como adesivos parasubstratos metlicos e madeira. Inicialmente foram sintetizadas poliuretanas (PUs)a partir de leo de mamona e tolueno-diisocianato (TDI) com diferentes raz§esmolares NCO/OH. Estas foram avaliadas quanto ao seu poder adesivo, secompetitivo ou no na adeso metal-metal e madeira-madeira quando comparadaa adesivos comerciais. A reao de obteno da PU foi acompanhada por FTIR. Osmateriais obtidos foram analisados por DSC e TGA. Os testes do poder adesivo,avaliados pela medida da resistncia ao cisalhamento (Lap Shear Strenght)mostraram que a PU com razo molar NCO/OH igual a 1,99 era competitiva frenteaos adesivos comerciais testados. A partir da PU com melhor poder adesivo(NCO/OH=PU 1,99) e Poli(acrilatos) (PMMA, PBMA, PBA e PEA), foram sintetizadasredes de polmeros interpenetrantes (IPNs). As IPNs foram aplicadas emsubstratos metal-metal e madeira-madeira e tambm foram avaliadas quanto resistncia ao cisalhamento para avaliao do poder adesivo. Verificou-se que aadesividade das IPNs variou conforme o tipo de Poli(acrilato) usado em suacomposio, obtendo-se para alguns valores timos de tenso, prximos aos dosadesivos comerciais. A PU com razo molar NCO/OH igual a 1,99 e as IPNs de PUcom PMMA mostraram ser bons adesivos para madeira e metal.
Abstract In this study, polyurethanes (PUs) from castor oil and interpenetratingpolymer networks (IPNs) based on PU and Poly(acrylates) were synthesized. Theaim of this work was to evalute PU and IPNs potential as adhesives for metal andwood substrates. Initially, PUs) from castor oil and Toluene Diisocyanate atdifferent NCO/OH molar ratio were synthesized. The adhesive power of the PUswere evaluated on metal-metal and wood-wood substrates and compared tocommercial adhesives. The obtained materials were analyzed by FTIR, DSC andTGA. The materials adhesive power, evaluated in lap shear strength tests, showedthat the PU obtained at 1,99 (NCO/OH) molar ratio was competitive whencompared to commercial adhesives. From this PU and Poly(acrylates) (PMMA,PBMA, PBA and PEA) Interpenetrating Polymer Networks (IPNs) were synthesized The IPNs were applied to meta-metal and wood-wood substrates were alsoevaluated in lap shear strength tests. It was verified that the IPN adhesivity variedaccording to the type of Poly(acrylate) used in its composition and the molar ratio(NCO/OH), some of them producing tensile strength close to those of testedcommercial adhesives. The PU with 1,99 (NCO/OH) molar ratio and the relatedIPNs with PMMA showed a high potential as adhesives.
Type Dissertation
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/18280
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000539685.pdf (890.9Kb) Texto completo Adobe PDF View/Open

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