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Nanobacteria-like particles : a threat to cell cultures

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Nanobacteria-like particles : a threat to cell cultures

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Título Nanobacteria-like particles : a threat to cell cultures
Autor Simonetti, Amauri Braga
Englert, Gelsa Edith
Campos, Karen
Mergener, Michelle
David, Cintia de
Oliveira, Anna Paula de
Roehe, Paulo Michel
Abstract The main goal of this study is to alert researchers who work with cell cultures for the risk of contamination by structures called nanobacteria (NB). NB are tiny structures with size varying from 80 to 500 nm, commonly occurring in clusters and producing a biofilm which contains carbonate or hydroxyl apatite. The most likely source of cell culture contamination by such organisms is serum used as supplement in culture media. The presence of NB leads to a progressive culture deterioration with accumulation of granules (probably phagocytized NB) in cytoplasmic vacuoles, an increasing number of dead cells in the supernatant and degeneration of cells that remained attached to the bottom of the vessel. NB can also be found in culture supernatants where they are found in clusters with variable size and displaying brownian movement. In this study, 19 cell lineages, 8 batches of sera and 1 batch of growth supplement from different sources were analyzed. Samples from sera were cultured in Eagle’s Minimum Essential Medium (E-MEM) or incubated directly at 37ºC. Tests carried out to detect the presence of extracellular bacteria, Mycoplasma sp and viruses were all negative. Analysis by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed tiny oval structures less than 500 nm in size, isolated or in small groups, in all material analyzed except in one fetal bovine serum batch.
Contido em Brazilian journal of microbiology. São Paulo, SP. Vol. 38, n. 1 (jan./mar. 2007), p. 153-158
Assunto Cultura de celulas
Nanobactéria
[en] Cell culture
[en] Contamination
[en] Fetal bovine serum (FBS)
[en] Nanobacteria
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/20481
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