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Body dissatisfaction in Brazilian schoolchildren : prevalence and associated factors

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Body dissatisfaction in Brazilian schoolchildren : prevalence and associated factors

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Título Body dissatisfaction in Brazilian schoolchildren : prevalence and associated factors
Outro título Insatisfação corporal em escolares no Brasil: prevalência e fatores associados
Autor Pinheiro, Andréa Poyastro
Giugliani, Elsa Regina Justo
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of body dissatisfaction and associated factors in 8- to 11-year-old schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including children aged 8- to 11-years enrolled in public and private schools in Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil, was carried out from August to December, 2001. A total of 901 subjects were selected through cluster sampling. Participants answered a questionnaire aimed at measuring body dissatisfaction and self-esteem and questions about family and social pressures on weight change. Height and weight were measured. The relationship between body dissatisfaction and the variables studied was measured by logistic regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of body dissatisfaction was 82%. Fifty-five percent of the girls wanted a thinner body size, and 28% desired a larger one; the estimates for the boys were 43% and 38%, respectively. Children with the lowest self-esteem (OR=1.80; 95% CI: 1.13-2.89) and who thought their parents (OR=6.10; 95% CI: 2.95-12.60) and friends (OR=1.81; 95% CI: 1.02-3.20) expected them to be thinner showed a higher chance of presenting body dissatisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: Body dissatisfaction was highly prevalent among the evaluated schoolchildren, especially in those with lower self-esteem and who thought their parents and friends expected them to be thinner.
Contido em Revista de saúde pública. São Paulo. Vol. 40, n. 3 (jun. 2006), p. 489-496
Assunto Autoimagem
Criança
Estudos transversais
Imagem corporal
[en] Body image
[en] Child
[en] Cross-sectional studies
[en] Self-concept
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/20592
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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