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Microstructure and mechanical properties of gypsum composites reinforced with recycled cellulose pulp

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Microstructure and mechanical properties of gypsum composites reinforced with recycled cellulose pulp

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Título Microstructure and mechanical properties of gypsum composites reinforced with recycled cellulose pulp
Autor Carvalho, Magaly Araújo
Calil Junior, Carlito
Savastano Junior, Holmer
Tubino, Rejane Maria Candiota
Carvalho, Michele Tereza Marques
Abstract The use of waste fibers for the reinforcement of brittle matrices is considered opportune for the sustainable management of urban solid residues. This paper examines the microstructure and mechanical properties of a composite material made of gypsum reinforced with cellulose fibers from discarded Kraft cement bag. Two different kinds of gypsum were used, natural gypsum (NG) and recycled gypsum (RG), both with an addition of 10% by mass of limestone. For the production of samples, slurry vacuum de-watering technique followed by pressing was evaluated revealing to be an efficient and innovative solution for the composites under evaluation. The composite was analyzed based on flexural strength tests, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging, secondary electron (SE) detection, and pseudo-adiabatic calorimetry. The morphology of the fractured surfaces of flexural test samples revealed large gypsum crystals double the original size surrounding the fibers, but with the same overall aspect ratio. Natural fibers absorb large amounts of water, causing the water/gypsum ratio of the paste to increase. The predominance of fiber pullout, damaged or removed secondary layers and incrusted crystals are indicative of the good bonding of the fiber to the gypsum matrix and of the high mechanical resistance of composites. This material is a technically better substitute for the brittle gypsum board, and it stands out particularly for its characteristics of high impact strength and high modulus of rupture.
Contido em Materials research : ibero-american journal of materials. São Carlos, SP. vol. 11, no. 4 (Oct./Dec. 2008), p. 391-397
Assunto Materiais de construção : Gesso
Reciclagem
[en] Gypsum-cellulose composite
[en] Mechanical properties
[en] Recycled pulp
[en] Waste fibers
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/20741
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