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Risk factors for decreased bone density in premenopausal women

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Risk factors for decreased bone density in premenopausal women

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Título Risk factors for decreased bone density in premenopausal women
Autor Krahe, Cláudio
Friedman, Rogério
Gross, Jorge Luiz
Abstract Osteoporosis is a major health problem. Little is known about the risk factors in premenopause. Sixty 40-50-year old patients with regular menses were studied cross-sectionally. None of the patients were on drugs known to interfere with bone mass. Patients answered a dietary inquiry and had their bone mineral density (BMD) measured. The Z scores were used for the comparisons. A blood sample was taken for the determination of FSH, SHBG, estradiol, testosterone, calcium and alkaline phosphatase. Calcium and creatinine were measured in 24-h urine. A Z score less than -1 was observed for the lumbar spine of 14 patients (23.3%), and for the femur of 24 patients (40%). Patients with a Z score less than -1 for the lumbar spine were older than patients with a Z score -1 (45.7 vs 43.8 years) and presented higher values of alkaline phosphatase (71.1 ± 18.2 vs 57.1 ± 14.3 IU/l) Multiple regression analysis showed that a lower lumbar spine BMD was associated with higher values of alkaline phosphatase, lower calcium ingestion, a smaller body mass index (BMI), less frequent exercising, and older age. The patients with a Z score less than -1 for the femur were shorter than patients with a Z score -1 (158.2 vs 161.3 cm). Multiple regression analysis showed that a lower femoral BMD was associated with lower BMI, higher alkaline phosphatase and caffeine intake, and less frequent exercising. A lower than expected BMD was observed in a significant proportion of premenopausal women and was associated with lower calcium intake, relatively lower physical activity and lower BMI. We conclude that the classical risk factors for osteoporosis may be present before ovarian failure, and their effect may be partly independent of estrogen levels.
Contido em Brazilian journal of medical and biological research. Ribeirão Preto, SP. Vol. 30, no. 9 (Sept. 1997), p. 1061-1066
Assunto Densidade óssea
Fatores de risco
Osteoporose
Pré-menopausa
[en] Bone loss
[en] Densitometry
[en] Osteopenia
[en] Premenopause
[en] Osteoporosis
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/21141
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