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Association of CYP7A1 -278A>C polymorphism and the response of plasma triglyceride after dietary intervention in dyslipidemic patients

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Association of CYP7A1 -278A>C polymorphism and the response of plasma triglyceride after dietary intervention in dyslipidemic patients

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Título Association of CYP7A1 -278A>C polymorphism and the response of plasma triglyceride after dietary intervention in dyslipidemic patients
Autor Barcelos, A. L. V.
Chies, R.
Almeida, Sabrina Esteves de Matos
Fiegenbaum, Marilu
Perry, Ingrid Dalira Schweigert
Chula, Fernanda Goulart Lanes
Rossetti, Maria Lucia Rosa
Silva, Cláudia Maria Dornelles da
Abstract We investigated the effect of the -278A>C polymorphism in the CYP7A1 gene on the response of plasma lipids to a reduced-fat diet for 6 to 8 weeks in a group of 82 dyslipidemic males with a mean age of 46.0 ± 11.7 years. Individuals who presented at least one high alteration in total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglyceride values were considered to be dyslipidemic. Exclusion criteria were secondary dyslipidemia due to diabetes mellitus, renal, liver, or thyroid disease. None of the subjects were using lipid-lowering medication. Baseline and follow-up lipid concentrations were measured. The genotypes were determined by the digestion of PCR products with the BsaI restriction endonuclease. There were statistically significant reductions in plasma total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations after dietary intervention. The minor allele C has a frequency of 43%. Carriers of the C allele had significantly lower triglyceride concentrations (P = 0.02) than AA homozygotes. After adjustment of covariates, subjects with the AC and CC genotypes showed a greater reduction in triglyceride concentrations compared to subjects with the AA genotype. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that the AC and CC CYP7A1 genotypes accounted for 5.2 and 6.2% of triglyceride concentration during follow-up and adjusted percent of change of triglyceride concentration, respectively. The present study provides evidence that -278A>C polymorphism in the CYP7A1 gene can modify triglyceride concentrations in response to a reduced fat diet in a dyslipidemic male population. This gene represents a potential locus for a nutrigenetic directed approach.
Contido em Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas médicas e biológicas. Ribeirão Preto. Vol. 42, n. 6 (jun. 2009), p. 487-493
Assunto Colesterol 7-alfa-hidroxilase
Dieta
Dislipidemias
Polimorfismo genético
[en] CYP7A1
[en] Diet
[en] Dyslipidemia
[en] Polymorphisms
[en] Southern Brazil
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/21245
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