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Histological evaluation of the influence of magnetic field application in autogenous bone grafts in rats

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Histological evaluation of the influence of magnetic field application in autogenous bone grafts in rats

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Título Histological evaluation of the influence of magnetic field application in autogenous bone grafts in rats
Autor Puricelli, Edela
Dutra, Nardier Borges
Ponzoni, Deise
Abstract Background: Bone grafts are widely used in oral and maxillofacial reconstruction. The influence of electromagnetic fields and magnets on the endogenous stimulation of target tissues has been investigated. This work aimed to assess the quality of bone healing in surgical cavities filled with autogenous bone grafts, under the influence of a permanent magnetic field produced by in vivo buried devices. Methods: Metal devices consisting of commercially pure martensitic stainless steel washers and titanium screws were employed. Thirty male Wistar rats were divided into 3 experimental and 3 control groups. A surgical bone cavity was produced on the right femur, and a bone graft was collected and placed in each hole. Two metallic washers, magnetized in the experimental group but not in the control group, were attached on the borders of the cavity. Results: The animals were sacrificed on postoperative days 15, 45 and 60. The histological analysis of control and experimental samples showed adequate integration of the bone grafts, with intense bone neoformation. On days 45 and 60, a continued influence of the magnetic field on the surgical cavity and on the bone graft was observed in samples from the experimental group. Conclusion: The results showed intense bone neoformation in the experimental group as compared to control animals. The intense extra-cortical bone neoformation observed suggests that the osteoconductor condition of the graft may be more susceptible to stimulation, when submitted to a magnetic field.
Contido em Head & Face Medicine [recurso eletrônico]. London. Vol. 5, (11 Jan. 2009), 6 p.
Assunto Cirurgia bucal
Enxerto osseo
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/24142
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