|Título||Characterization of bone repair in rat femur after treatment with calcium phosphate cement and autogenous bone graft
Martins, Gustavo Lisboa
Leite, Mauro Gomes Trein
Santos, Luis Alberto dos
|Abstract||Background: In this study, the biocompatibility, stability and osteotransductivity of a new cement based on alphatricalcium phosphate (alpha-TCP) were investigated in a bone repair model using a rat model. Methods: The potential of alpha-TCP on bone repair was compared to autogenous bone grafting, and unfilled cavities were used as negative control. Surgical cavities were prepared and designated as test (T), implanted with alpha-TCP blocks; negative control (C - ), unfilled; and positive control (C + ), implanted with autogenous bone graft. Results were analyzed on postoperative days three, seven, 14, 21 and 60. Results: The histological analyses showed the following results. Postoperative day three: presence of inflammatory infiltrate, erythrocytes and proliferating fibroblasts in T, C - and C + samples. Day seven: extensive bone neoformation in groups T and C + , and beginning of alpha-TCP resorption by phagocytic cells. Days 14 and 21: osteoblastic activity in the three types of cavities. Day 60: In all samples, neoformed bone similar to surrounding bone. Moderate interruption on the ostectomized cortical bone. Conclusions: Bone neoformation is seen seven days after implantation of alpha-TCP and autogenous bone. Comparison of C - with T and C + samples showed that repair is faster in implanted cavities; on day 60, control groups presented almost complete bone repair. Alpha-TCP cement presents biocompatibility and osteotransductivity, besides stability, but 60 days after surgery the cavities were not closed.
|Contido em||Head & Face Medicine [recurso eletrônico]. London. Vol. 6, (28 June 2010), 8 p.
|Tipo||Artigo de periódico
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