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Structure of Drosophilidae assemblage(Insecta, Diptera) in Pampa Biome (São Luiz Gonzaga, RS)

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Structure of Drosophilidae assemblage(Insecta, Diptera) in Pampa Biome (São Luiz Gonzaga, RS)

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Título Structure of Drosophilidae assemblage(Insecta, Diptera) in Pampa Biome (São Luiz Gonzaga, RS)
Autor Poppe, Jean Lucas
Gaiesky, Vera Lucia da Silva Valente
Schmitz, Hermes José
Abstract The Brazilian Pampa (the southernmost end of the country) is currently a highly modified environment because of increasing agricultural activities. In many places, only small parts of grasslands remain inside an agricultural landscape. Drosophilidae (Diptera) have been widely used as a potential bioindicators to monitor the effects of anthropogenic changes in natural environments. However, the fauna of Drosophilidae in the Pampa Biome from natural and disturbed environments, still remains largely unknown. The present study represents one of the first attempts to fill this gap, showing results from monthly collections in the municipality of São Luiz Gonzaga (28°24’28”S, 54°57’39”W), in the Brazilian Pampa. A species inventory was carried out in two contrasting environments, an urban zone and a forest remnant (rural zone). In both areas banana-baited traps were used to capture adult drosophilids. The identification was made using external morphology and male terminalia. In total, 13,379 drosophilids were analyzed (rural zone: N = 8,812 and Sobs = 25; urban zone: N = 4,567 and Sobs = 16). In the present study, 16 (60%) out of 26 species were found exclusively or preferentially in the forest. The period of highest richness was between the months of June to November (roughly winter and spring), and the period of lowest richness was from December to May (roughly summer and autumn). An analysis of cluster by the Coefficient of Jaccard showed that species composition slightly changes when the period of the year with higher temperatures (from January to May) is compared with the period with lower temperatures (from June to October). The species abundances were also highly affected by seasonality, as revealed by the Morisita Index, since the samples clustered into similar groups in consecutive periods and in the same season, showing the seasonal preference of some species.
Contido em Papéis avulsos de zoologia. Vol. 52, n. 16 (2012), p. 185-195
Assunto Drosophila
São Luiz Gonzaga (RS)
[en] Bioindicator.
[en] Diversity
[en] Drosophilidae
[en] Pampa Biome
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/87775
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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