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Genetic structure and conservation of mountain lions in the south-brazilian atlantic rain forest

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Genetic structure and conservation of mountain lions in the south-brazilian atlantic rain forest

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Título Genetic structure and conservation of mountain lions in the south-brazilian atlantic rain forest
Autor Castilho, Camila Schlieper de
Sá, Luiz Guilherme Marins de
Benedet, Rodrigo C.
Freitas, Thales Renato Ochotorena de
Abstract The Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest, one of the most endangered ecosystems worldwide, is also among the most important hotspots as regards biodiversity. Through intensive logging, the initial area has been reduced to around 12% of its original size. In this study we investigated the genetic variability and structure of the mountain lion, Puma concolor. Using 18 microsatellite loci we analyzed evidence of allele dropout, null alleles and stuttering, calculated the number of allele/locus, PIC, observed and expected heterozygosity, linkage disequilibrium, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, FIS, effective population size and genetic structure (MICROCHECKER, CERVUS, GENEPOP, FSTAT, ARLEQUIN, ONESAMP, LDNe, PCAGEN, GENECLASS software),we also determine whether there was evidence of a bottleneck (HYBRIDLAB, BOTTLENECK software) that might influence the future viability of the population in south Brazil. 106 alleles were identified, with the number of alleles/locus ranging from 2 to 11. Mean observed heterozygosity, mean number of alleles and polymorphism information content were 0.609, 5.89, and 0.6255, respectively. This population presented evidence of a recent bottleneck and loss of genetic variation. Persistent regional poaching constitutes an increasing in the extinction risk.
Contido em Genetics and molecular biology. Ribeirão Preto. Vol. 35, no. 1 (mar. 2012), p. 65-73
Assunto Araucaria
Conservação
Diversidade genética
Mata atlântica
Puma concolor
[en] Araucaria Forest
[en] Atlantic Rain Forest
[en] conservation
[en] genetic diversity
[en] microsatellite
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/87776
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