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Phylogeny, biogeography and divergence times in Passiflora (Passifloraceae)

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Phylogeny, biogeography and divergence times in Passiflora (Passifloraceae)

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Título Phylogeny, biogeography and divergence times in Passiflora (Passifloraceae)
Autor Muschner, Valeria Cunha
Zamberlan, Priscilla Mena
Bonatto, Sandro Luis
Freitas, Loreta Brandao de
Abstract As part of a long-term investigation on the evolution of Passiflora L., we investigated the divergence ages of the genus and diversification of its subgenera, relating them with biogeographical and/or historical events, and other characteristics of this taxon. The main aim of the present work was to evaluate the biogeographic distribution of this genus to better understand its evolutionary history. This is the first time that representatives from South American and Old World Passifloraceae genera have been studied as a group comprising a total of 106 widely distributed species, with representative samples of the four suggested subgenera. Seven DNA regions were studied, comprising 7,431 nucleotides from plastidial, mitochondrial and nuclear genomes. Divergence time estimates were obtained by using a Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo method and a random local clock model for each partition. Three major subgenera have been shown to be monophyletic and here we are proposing to include another subgenus in the Passiflora infrageneric classification. In general, divergence among the four subgenera in Passiflora is very ancient, ranging from ~32 to ~38 Mya, and Passifloraceae seems to follow a biogeographic scenario proposed for several plant groups, originating in Africa, crossing to Europe/Asia and arriving in the New World by way of land bridges. Our results indicated that Passiflora ancestors arrived in Central America and diversified quickly from there, with many long distance dispersion events
Contido em Genetics and molecular biology. Vol. 35, n. 4 supl (Dec. 2012), p. 1036-43
Assunto Biogeografia
Filogenia
Passiflora
[en] biogeography
[en] molecular phylogenetics analysis
[en] passionflowers
[en] plant evolution
[en] taxonomic classification
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/87934
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