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Maternal drinking behavior and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in adolescents with criminal behavior in southern Brazil

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Maternal drinking behavior and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in adolescents with criminal behavior in southern Brazil

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Título Maternal drinking behavior and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in adolescents with criminal behavior in southern Brazil
Autor Momino, Wakana
Felix, Temis Maria
Abeche, Alberto Mantovani
Zandoná, Denise Isabel
Scheibler, Gabriela Gayer
Chambers, Christina
Jones, Kenneth Lyons
Flores, Renato Zamora
Faccini, Lavinia Schuler
Abstract Prenatal alcohol exposure can have serious and permanent adverse effects. The developing brain is the most vulnerable organ to the insults of prenatal alcohol exposure. A behavioral phenotype of prenatal alcohol exposure including conduct disorders is also described. This study on a sample of Brazilian adolescents convicted for criminal behavior aimed to evaluate possible clinical features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). These were compared to a control group of school adolescents, as well as tested for other environmental risk factors for antisocial behavior. A sample of 262 institutionalized male adolescents due to criminal behavior and 154 male students aged between 13 and 21 years comprised the study population. Maternal use of alcohol was admitted by 48.8% of the mothers of institutionalized adolescents and by 39.9% of the school students. In this sample of adolescents we could not identify individual cases with a clear diagnosis of FAS, but signs suggestive of FASD were more common in the institutionalized adolescents. Social factors like domestic and family violence were frequent in the risk group, this also being associated to maternal drinking during pregnancy. The inference is that in our sample, criminal behavior is more related to complex interactions between environmental and social issues including prenatal alcohol exposure.
Contido em Genetics and molecular biology. Vol. 35, n. 4 supl (Dec. 2012), p. 960-965
Assunto Adolescente
Alcool
Exposição pré-natal
[en] conduct disorder
[en] criminal behavior
[en] FAS
[en] FASD
[en] fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
[en] Prenatal alcohol exposure
Origem Nacional
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/87997
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