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From proper motions to star cluster dynamics : measuring the velocity dispersion in deconvolved distribution functions

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From proper motions to star cluster dynamics : measuring the velocity dispersion in deconvolved distribution functions

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Título From proper motions to star cluster dynamics : measuring the velocity dispersion in deconvolved distribution functions
Autor Bonatto, Charles Jose
Bica, Eduardo Luiz Damiani
Abstract We investigate the effect that the usually large errors associated with ground-based proper motion (PM) components have on the determination of a star cluster’s velocity dispersion (σv). Rather than histograms, we work with PM distribution functions (PMDFs), taking the 1σ uncertainties formally into account. In this context, a cluster’s intrinsic PMDF is broadened by the error distribution function (eDF) that, given the average error amplitude, has awidth usually comparable to the cluster PMDF. Thus, we apply a Richardson–Lucy (RL) deconvolution to the PMDFs of a set of relatively nearby and populous open clusters (OCs), using the eDFs as point spread functions. The OCs are NGC1039 (M 34), NGC2477, NGC2516, NGC2682 (M 67) and NGC7762. The deconvolved PMDFs are approximately Gaussian in shape, with dispersions lower than the observed ones by a factor of 4–10. NGC1039 and 2516, the nearest OCs of the sample, have deconvolved σv compatible with those of bound OCs of mass ∼103M . NGC2477 and 2682 have deconvolved PMDFs with a secondary bump, shifted towards higher average velocities, which may be an artefact of the RL deconvolution when applied to asymmetric profiles. Alternatively, it may originate from cluster merger, large-scale mass segregation or, least probably, binaries.
Contido em Monthly notices of the royal astronomical society. Oxford. Vol. 415, no. 1 (July 2011), p. 313-322
Assunto Aglomerados abertos e associações
Aglomerados estelares
[en] Open clusters and associations: general
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/93353
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