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Uniform detection of the pre-main-sequence population in the five embedded clusters related to the HII region NGC2174 (Sh2-252)

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Uniform detection of the pre-main-sequence population in the five embedded clusters related to the HII region NGC2174 (Sh2-252)

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Título Uniform detection of the pre-main-sequence population in the five embedded clusters related to the HII region NGC2174 (Sh2-252)
Autor Bonatto, Charles Jose
Bica, Eduardo Luiz Damiani
Abstract We investigate five embedded clusters (ECs) and the extended stellar group itself of the prominent HII region NGC2174 (Sh2-252), which presents scarce and heterogeneous information coming from the optical and infrared. Considering the discrepant values of distance and age, the clusters and the HII region appear to be physically unrelated. The analysis is based on fieldstar- decontaminated 2MASS photometry, which allows sampling of the pre-main sequence (PMS). We find that Sh2-252A, C, E, NGC2175s and Teu 136 are small ECs (radius within 1.0–2.3 pc) characterized by a similar age (∼5 Myr), reddening (AV ∼ 1), distance from the Sun (d ∼ 1.4 kpc) and low mass (60–200M ). This age is consistent with the HII region, the presence of O and B stars still in the main sequence (MS) and the dominance ( 95 per cent by number) of PMS stars in the colour–magnitude diagrams (CMDs). NGC2175 is not a star cluster, but an extended stellar group that encompasses the ECs Sh2-252A and C. It contains ∼36 per cent of the member stars (essentially PMS) in the area, with the remaining belonging to the two ECs. CMDs of the overall star-forming region and the ECs provide d = 1.4 ± 0.4 kpc for the NGC2174 complex, consistent with the value estimated for the physically related association Gem OB1. Our uniform approach shows that NGC2174 and its related ECs (except, perhaps, for Teu 136) are part of a single star-forming complex. CMD similarities among the ECs and with the overall region suggest a coeval (to within ±5Myr) star-forming event extending for several Myr. At least four ECs originated in the event, together with the off-cluster star formation that probably gave rise to the scattered stars of NGC2175.
Contido em Monthly notices of the royal astronomical society. Oxford. Vol. 414, no. 4 (July 2011), p. 3769-3776
Assunto Aglomerados abertos e associações
Aglomerados estelares
Regiões HII
[en] Open clusters and associations: general
[en] Open clusters and associations: individual: NGC2174 (Sh2-252)
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/93355
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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