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Infant mortality trends in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 1994-2004 : a multilevel analysis of individual and community risk factors

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Infant mortality trends in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 1994-2004 : a multilevel analysis of individual and community risk factors

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Título Infant mortality trends in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 1994-2004 : a multilevel analysis of individual and community risk factors
Outro título Tendência da mortalidade infantil no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, 1994-2004 : uma análise multinível de fatores de risco individuais e contextuais
Autor Zanini, Roselaine Ruviaro
Moraes, Anaelena Bragança de
Giugliani, Elsa Regina Justo
Riboldi, João
Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the trend in infant mortality rates in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, from 1994 to 2004, in a longitudinal ecological study, by means of panel data analysis and multilevel linear regression (two levels: microregion and time) to estimate factors associated with infant mortality. The infant mortality rate decreased from 19.2‰ (1994) to 13.7‰ (2004) live births, and the principal causes of death in the last five years were perinatal conditions (54.1%). Approximately 47% of the variation in mortality occurred in the microregions, and a 10% increase in coverage by the Family Health Program was associated with a 1‰ reduction in infant mortality. A 10% increase in the poverty rate was associated with a 2.1‰ increase in infant deaths. Infant mortality was positively associated with the proportion of low birthweight newborns and the number of hospital beds per thousand inhabitants and negatively associated with the cesarean rate and number of hospitals per 100 thousand inhabitants. The findings suggest that individual and community variables display significant effects on the reduction of infant mortality rates.
Contido em Cadernos de saúde pública. Rio de Janeiro. Vol. 25, no. 5 (mai. 2009), p. 1035-1045
Assunto Estatistica aplicada : Medicina
Fatores de risco
Mortalidade infantil : Estatística e dados numéricos : Rio Grande do Sul
[en] Cause of Death
[en] Infant Mortality
[en] Information Systems
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/94669
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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