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The old galactic open cluster FSR 1716 and Czernik 23

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The old galactic open cluster FSR 1716 and Czernik 23

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Título The old galactic open cluster FSR 1716 and Czernik 23
Autor Bonatto, Charles Jose
Bica, Eduardo Luiz Damiani
Abstract Context. Open clusters older than ~4 Gyr are rare in the Galaxy. Affected by a series of mass-decreasing processes, the stellar content of most open clusters dissolves into the field on a time-scale shorter than ~1 Gyr. In this sense, improving the statistics of old objects may provide constraints for a better understanding of the dynamical dissolution of open clusters. Aims. Our main purpose is to investigate the nature of the globular cluster candidate FSR 1716, located at l = 329.8° and b = −1.6°. We also derive parameters of the anti-centre open cluster Czernik 23 (FSR 834). Both objects have been detected as stellar overdensities in the Froebrich, Scholz & Raftery star cluster candidate catalogue. Methods. The analyses are based on near-infrared colour−magnitude diagrams and stellar radial density profiles. The intrinsic colour−magnitude diagram morphology is enhanced by a field-star decontamination algorithm applied to the 2MASS J, H, and Ks photometry. Results. Isochrone fits indicate that FSR 1716 is more probably an old (~7 Gyr) and absorbed (Av = 6.3 ± 0.2) open cluster, located ≈0.6 kpc inside the solar circle in a contaminated central field. However, we cannot rule out the possibility of a low-mass, loose globular cluster. Czernik 23 is shown to be an almost absorption-free open cluster, ~5 Gyr old, located about 2.5 kpc towards the anticentre. In both cases, solar and sub-solar ([Fe/H] ~ −0.5) metallicity isochrones represent equally well the stellar sequences. Both star clusters have a low mass content (<~200 Mʘ) presently stored in stars. Their relatively small core and cluster radii are comparable to those of other open clusters of similar age. These structural parameters are probably a consequence of the several Gyr of mass loss due to stellar evolution, tidal interactions with the disk (and bulge in the case of FSR 1716), and possibly giant molecular clouds. Conclusions. Czernik 23, and especially FSR 1716, are rare examples of extreme dynamical survivors. The identification of both as such represents an increase of ≈10% in the known population of open clusters older than ~4 Gyr in the Galaxy.
Contido em Astronomy and astrophysics. Les Ulis. Vol. 491, no. 3 (Dec. 2008), p. 767-780
Assunto Aglomerado aberto Czernik 23
Aglomerado aberto FSR 1716
Aglomerados abertos e associações
Galaxia
Sistemas estelares
[en] Galaxy: open clusters and associations: general
[en] Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: Czernik 23
[en] Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: FSR 1716
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/99029
Arquivos Descrição Formato
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