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Global epidemiology of dementia : Alzheimer's and vascular types

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Global epidemiology of dementia : Alzheimer's and vascular types

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Título Global epidemiology of dementia : Alzheimer's and vascular types
Autor Rizzi, Liara
Rosset, Idiane
Roriz-Cruz, Matheus
Abstract The prevalence of dementia varies substantially worldwide. This is partially attributed to the lack of methodological uniformity among studies, including diagnostic criteria and different mean population ages. However, even after considering these potential sources of bias, differences in age-adjusted dementia prevalence still exist among regions of the world. In Latin America, the prevalence of dementia is higher than expected for its level of population aging.This phenomenon occurs due to the combination of low average educational attainment and high vascular risk profile. Among developed countries, Japan seems to have the lowest prevalence of dementia. Studies that evaluated the immigration effect of the Japanese and blacks to USA evidenced that acculturation increases the relative proportion ofADcases compared toVaD. In theMiddle East andAfrica, the number of dementia caseswill be expressive by 2040. In general, loweducational background and other socioeconomic factors have been associated with high risk of obesity, sedentarism, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome, all of which also raise the risk of VaD and AD. Regulating these factors is critical to generate the commitment to make dementia a public health priority.
Contido em BioMed Research International. Cairo: Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2001-. Vol. 2014, (June 2014), 8 p.
Assunto Demência
Doença de Alzheimer
Doenças vasculares
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/107017
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