Repositório Digital

A- A A+

A search for old star clusters in the large magellanic cloud

.

A search for old star clusters in the large magellanic cloud

Mostrar registro completo

Estatísticas

Título A search for old star clusters in the large magellanic cloud
Autor Geisler, Doug
Bica, Eduardo Luiz Damiani
Dottori, Horacio Alberto
Claria Olmedo, Juan Jose
Piatti, Andres E.
Santos Junior, Joao Francisco Coelho dos
Abstract There are only a handful of known star clusters in the LMC that are genuinely old, i.e., of similar age to the globular star clusters in the Milky Way. We report the first results of a color-magnitude diagram survey of 25 candidate old LMC clusters, which were uncovered by means of integrated UBV photometry and Ca II triplet spectroscopy during previous investigations. The photometry was carried out with the Washington system C,T 1 filters on the Cerro Tololo 0.9 m telescope. For almost all of the sample, it was possible to reach the tumoff region, and in many clusters we have several magnitudes of the main sequence. The efficiency and efficacy of the technique are demonstrated by our deep CMD for ESO 121-SC03 (used as a control and calibrator), which clearly shows a magnitude of main sequence for this =9 Gyr old object in a total of <1 hour of integration time. Age estimates based on the magnitude difference 8T 1 between the giant branch clump and the tumoff, calibrated using standard clusters, revealed that no new old clusters were found. The candidates tumed out to be of intermediate age (1-3 Gyr) (we cannot role out old ages for NGC 1928 and NGC 1939 since the turnoff was not reached for these compact clusters in crowded bar fields). We show that the apparently old ages as inferred from integrated UBV colors can be explained by a combination of stochastic effects produced by bright stars and by photometric errors for faint clusters lying in crowded fields. The relatively metal poor ([Fe/H]- -1.0) candidates from the Ca II triplet spectroscopy also turned out to be of intermediate age. This, combined with the fact that they Iie far out in the disk, yields interesting constraints regarding the formation and evolution of the LMC disk. We also study the age distribution of intermediate age and old clusters considering not only the present 8T 1 parameter, but also 8V and 8R measured in CMDs from the literature. This homogeneous set of accurate relative ages allows us to make an improved study of the history of cluster formationldestruction for ages > 1 Gyr. We confirrn previous indications that there was apparently no cluster formation in the LMC during the period from 3-8 Gyr ago, and that there was a pronounced epoch of cluster formation beginning 3 Gyr ago that peaked at about 1.5 Gyr ago. Our results suggest that there are few, if any, genuine old clusters in the LMC Ieft to be found. © 1997 American Astronomical Society. [50004-6256(97)03711-4]
Contido em The Astronomical Journal. New York. Vol. 114, no. 5 (nov. 1997), p. 1920-1932
Assunto Aglomerados estelares e associacoes
Astrofisica extragalatica
Galaxias
Nuvens de magalhaes
Origem Estrangeiro
Tipo Artigo de periódico
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10183/107735
Arquivos Descrição Formato
000152529.pdf (1.100Mb) Texto completo (inglês) Adobe PDF Visualizar/abrir

Este item está licenciado na Creative Commons License

Este item aparece na(s) seguinte(s) coleção(ões)


Mostrar registro completo

Percorrer



  • O autor é titular dos direitos autorais dos documentos disponíveis neste repositório e é vedada, nos termos da lei, a comercialização de qualquer espécie sem sua autorização prévia.
    Projeto gráfico elaborado pelo Caixola - Clube de Criação Fabico/UFRGS Powered by DSpace software, Version 1.8.1.